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Agra Travel Guide

INTRODUCTION: Agra, widely known as the city of Taj, ushers tourists from around the world with its aura of love that goes back to the era of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. It houses the Taj Mahal, one of the seven wonders of the world (now also part of the newly declared seven wonders), and many other major tourist attractions geographic location of the city is located along the Yamuna River in the state of Uttar Pradesh in the northern Indian subcontinent. This beautiful city is at a distance of about 201 km from New Delhi, the capital of India. The limits, Agra has Mathura in the north Dhaulpur in the south, east Firozabad, Fatehabad in south-east and west of Bharatpur. The intricate architecture of the mausoleums, forts and palaces testify to the affluence of the powerful Mughals, who made his capital in Agra on the 16th and early 17th centuries. The legacy of fame, the fouling of marble and soapstone by craftsmen continues that they are descendants of those who were employed under the Mughals. As recorded by UNESCO, there are three Heritage of Humanity sites in this city, namely the Taj Mahal, Agra Fort and Fatehpur Sikri. The magnificent view of the Taj Mahal, the symbol of eternal love, is an experience to cherish for a lifetime! History: A city with rich heritage sites like the Taj Mahal is destined to have a rich history. Belief that is popular Sultan Sikandar Lodi, the Ruler of Delhi Sultanate established the city in 1504. After the demise of Sikandar Lodi, his son Sultan Ibrahim Lodi happened. He continued ruling his Sultanate from Agra until 1526, when he was defeated by Babur in the first battle of Panipat. The city, flourished under the Mughal Empire and was the capital of three successive Mughal emperors, Akbar, Jahangir and Shah Jahan, until 1649, when Emperor Shah Jahan moved his capital to Shahjahanabad, for a more efficient administration. Then known as Akbarabad, this city was embellished by the beautiful Mughal buildings. Babar, the ancestor of the Mughal era established the first Persian garden on the banks of river Yamuna, is known as Aram Bagh or the Garden of relaxation. Akbar, the most powerful Mughal emperors sponsored the development of the arts, commerce and religion in the construction of Akbarabad besides the great Red Fort and the setting of the city Fatehpur Sikri (a city near the suburbs of Akbarabad). Akbar's son Jahangir, a lover of plants and wildlife, decorated the Red Fort, with many gardens. But the city Agra got its inspiration or Akbarabad most imposing building, the Taj Mahal, Shah Jahan, the emperor who was known to be a connoisseur of architecture. This magnificent monument was erected in memory of Shahjahan's beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal, and is also his mausoleum. Shah Jahan later shifted his capital to Delhi. However, his son Aurangzeb Akbarabad again made his capital and imprisoned his father Shah Jahan in the fort there. In 1653, Aurangzeb moved his capital to Aurangabad in the Deccan. With decreasing Mughal Empire gradual, Marathas and Jats took control of the city and called it Agra. Finally, in 1803 the city was occupied by the British and was under their control until India gained its independence. HOW TO GET THERE: To reach Agra is not a very arduous task. The city has a good network of railways and roads through which you connect to other cities (including Delhi, which is 200 km away) and tourist sites. Other stations include railway train station near the Agra Fort Agra Fort and the Raja Ki Mandi railway station in the center of the city. The main train route from Delhi to Agra. Besides the regular trains, a luxury train called the "Palace on Wheels' has been introduced exclusively for the tourists who Agra as one of their destinations. In addition, tourists can also use the bus service from New Delhi to Agra. You can also travel by bus from Jaipur through the national highway 11, Gwalior through the National Road 3 and Kanpur through the National Highway 2. To take a tour of the city, taxis and rickshaws are always at your service. ACCOMMODATION: The city of Taj offers comfortable accommodation to all travelers according to their means. Some of the popular five-star hotels include the Jaypee Palace Hotel Mughal Sheraton Welcomegroup, Hotel Amar Vilas, Hotel Trident, Hotel Clarks Shiraz, Agra Ashok Hotel Taj View Hotel. The main four-star hotels Howard Park Plaza International Hotel Holiday Inn, while Hotel Amar Hotel Deedar E Taj, Hotel Athithi, Mansingh Palace Hotel Grand Hotel and Kant are the main hotels of three stars.         PLACES TO VISIT: There are a variety of tourist attractions in Agra to captivate the tourists. The most famous and notable among them is the Taj Mahal, which has withstood the ravages of time to stand firm as the symbol of eternal love. Completed in 1653, is in fact the final resting place of Shah's mistress Jahan queen Mumtaz Mahal. This beautiful monument is the result of years of hard work by the artisans of Mughal (he was the chief architect Ustad Isa) with patronisation of Shah Jahan. The Taj Mahal is presented as a mirage from the Agra Fort, where Shahjahan spent the last eight years of his life imprisoned by his son Aurangzeb. This chimeric effect is caused by skillful application of lime, brick and white marble. Upon entering the front door meets the verses of the Quran (the religious book of Muslims) and 22 small domes. The number 22 is indicative that the number of years that led to the artisans to build the monument. All frames, jeweled Exquisite, is on a marble platform, which in turn is built on a sandstone platform. The tomb of Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan the (built after his death by his son Aurangzeb, with Mumtaz Mahal tomb) is the most graceful dome of the Taj benath. Every detail of this magnificent marble building, from minarets beautifully decorated garden established by the sources is as harmonious as the melody of love. This man made beauty juxtaposes perfectly with the beauty of heaven constantly evolving to provide a fantastic view. Another attraction is the fort of Agra, which is semi-circular in shape and is on the margin of the river Yamuna. The Mughal emperor Akbar initiated the construction of the Agra Fort in 1565. However, the structures have been built until the reign of his grandson Shah Jahan. One of the exquisite features of this fort is its double wall formed by red sandstone (which gives the name of Red Fort). The outer wall rises to a height about 40 meters while the inner wall has a height of 70 feet. A wide and deep moat surrounding the fortress. The fort is battlements with towers and bastions at intervals calculated. Two of the defenses, onlooking the river Yamuna, which is known as the Shah Burj and Burj Bengali. There are four gates, namely Delhi Gate on the western side, which is the main entrance to the fortress, the Amar Singh Gate and Akbar Darwazah in the south (today, visitors enter the fort through this door), the Jal Darwazah or water gate, a door for women only and the fourth gateway in front of the northeast face. The different structures within Agra Fort include the Taj Akbari, the anguria Bagh, Diwan-i-am, Diwan-i-Khas, Taj Jehangiri, Taj Khas, the Machchhi Bhawan, the Mandapa Mayura, the mosque of Mina, the Moti Masjid, the Musamman Buri, the Nagina Mosque and the Taj Shish. Each frame is beautifully carved to serve their respective purposes. Then there is the Sikandra, Mausoleum of Emperor Akbar started by Akbar himself, and was completed by Jahangir in 1613. The architectural style combines perfectly with the Hindu, Muslim, Christian, Buddhist and design Jain and themes and is an apt demonstration of the extent of Akbar's religious views. The whole building is five stories a truncated pyramid, while the main tomb has a way square. It consists of finely carved red sandstone three storey minarets. The ground floor is crossed by many passages airy. The south side has a lobby, richly decorated with carvings and paintings. The other graves in this site are those of Shakrul Nisha Begum and Aram Bano, Akbar's daughters. Itmad-ud-Daulah, another tourist attraction of Agra, is actually a tomb built by Nur Jehan, the queen of the Mughal emperor Jehangir, for her father Mirza Beg Shiyath. Where married Jehangir Noorjahan, his father came to occupy the Prime Minister of the Empire and acquired the title of "Itimad-ud-Daulah ', which literally means" Treasurer of the Empire. "The piece of marble characteristic of this tomb was later used by Shah Jahan in the construction of Taj Mahal. The unique feature of this tomb is in the shape of a silver jewelry. Near Agra is the city of Fatehpur Sikri. This beautiful town was built by Akbar to express his gratitude to Sheikh Salim Chishti saint when () Akbar's son was born. The marble tomb of Sheikh Salim Chishti art in this city attracts many tourists and devotees who come here to be blessed by the saint. Other tourist spot, the Radhaswami Samadhi, is the official center of the followers of religion Radhaswami. This holy place where the ashes of the ancestors of lies Radhaswami religion has a temple with exquisite stone carvings of flora. The Ka is the tomb Chinni Rauza Shukrullah Shirazi Mulla, who was a renowned poet (wrote poetry under the pseudonym "Allami ') and Prime Minister of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. This tomb was constructed by Afzal Khan, an administrator belongs to the court of Shah Jahan. The structure incorporates tiles is a perfect manifestation of Persian artistic excellence. You can also visit the Jama Masjid, built in 1648 by Jehanera Begum, the daughter of Shah Jahan, to commemorate the Chistti Salim Sheikh and his grandson Islam Khan. The building, with an open courtyard, reflects the use of architectural patterns in Iran. Then there is the tomb of Mariyam, built by Jehangir for his mother, who was Akbar's Rajput queen. Akbar gave the name of Mariyam Zamani, which means "compassion for the world". The tomb is built of red sandstone in the typical Mughal architectural style. Besides Meanwhile, other monuments in the city of Agra include Khambah Battis, Rani Fairy Chhatri, Hessing's tomb, Humayun's mosque, Sarai Nurjahan, the tomb of Itiba Khan, Khan's tomb salabat, etc. There are many places where religious, namely the Kailash temple, the temple Mankameshwar the Balkeshwar temple, the temple Prithvinath, Rajeshwar Temple, Gurudwara Guru kr Perhaps, the Baptist Church, the Catholic Church and the Digambar Jain Mandir. Agra also offers the possibility of excursions to other tourist attractions outside the city, as Bateshwar, Keetham Lake, Mathura, Vrindavan, Keoladeo National Park in Bharatpur, the Patna Sanctuary Bird Festivals, etc: The city of Agra is a party place with numerous fairs and festivals held throughout the year. The most popular among them is the Taj Mahotsav, which paints the city with the colors of joy. This is a ten-day long celebration in February of the glorious cultural tradition of Uttar Pradesh, crafts, arts, cuisine, dance and music. The venue is Shilpagram, or near the Taj Mahal. The festival begins with a procession which reflects the grandeur of Mughal. It seems as if the era of magnificence established by the Mughals has returned to life. Other important fairs are Kailash Fair, the Sheetla, El Bateshwar just Urs and Ram. Barat crafts fair: As if all these tourist attractions are not sufficient, the city produces exclusively as Zari handicrafts Zardozi, Strone Inley size and work, and carpets with various kinds of ornaments and leather shoes. To add a feather in the cap are two Padam Shree Award winners for the craft, Mr. Sekhar Samruddin Badal and Shri Hari Kishan. The monuments, festivals, crafts, all combine to make Agra, a perfect blend of culture, heritage and harmony, which finds its ultimate embodiment in the Taj Mahal.

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